Age spots are flat brown, black, or yellow spots that appear on the neck, arms, and face. They are primarily caused by sun exposure and usually start to appear as soon as people reach 40. Age spots are by no means dangerous, so there is no medical reason to get rid of them. However, they can reveal a person’s age, which is why many men and women choose to have them removed for aesthetic reasons. You can get rid of age spots in a variety of ways: using over-the-counter and prescription drugs, using home remedies, or using professional skin treatments.
What are age spots?
Age spots are very common in adults over 50. But younger people can get them too, especially if they spend a lot of time in the sun.
Brown spots can look like cancerous tumors. But real spots are harmless and do not need treatment. For cosmetic reasons, age spots can be lightened with skin bleaching products or removed.
You can help prevent age spots by using sunscreen regularly and avoiding the sun.
Features of age spots on the face
- There are flat, oval areas of increased pigmentation
- They are usually tan, brown or black.
- Occurs on skin that has been exposed to the sun in the summer – backs of arms, upper legs, side, shoulders, and upper back
These spots range from the size of freckles to about 1/2 inch (13 millimeters) across and may cluster together to make them more visible.
Age spots are usually harmless and do not require medical attention. Ask your doctor to look for spots that are dark or have changed in appearance.
It is best to have any new skin changes assessed by a doctor, especially if the patch:
- Has a dark pigmented color
- Rapidly increases in size
- Has an irregular border
- Has an unusual combination of colors
- Accompanied by itching, redness, soreness, or bleeding
Causes of age spots on the face
Age spots, commonly known as age spots or liver spots, are a normal part of aging. In addition to being harmless, spots will appear on most people over 50, especially those who have fair skin or have spent a lot of time in the sun or sunbathing.
If your brown spots are bothering you, natural home treatments can help them fade over time. However, it’s best to see a doctor if your spots look suspicious or home treatments don’t work for you.
Age spots are the result of excess production of melanin, or skin pigment. Doctors don’t always know why age spots develop. Skin aging, exposure to sunlight or other forms of ultraviolet (UV) light, such as tanning beds, are all possible causes.
You are most likely to see age spots on the following areas of your skin:
- your face
- back of the palms
- your upper back
- your forearm
Pigment spots vary from light brown to black. The spots have the same texture as the rest of your skin and usually appear in sun-exposed areas. They don’t cause any pain.
How to Remove Dark Spots on Your Face Using OTC and Prescription Remedies
Hydroquinone is a very effective whitening cream that can greatly reduce the appearance of age spots.
- It is available in concentrations up to 2% without a prescription, but higher concentrations will require a prescription from your doctor.
- Be aware that hydroquinone has been banned in many European and Asian countries due to its potential carcinogenic properties. However, it is still widely available in Russia.
Retin-A is an excellent anti-aging skin care product that is used to combat fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin texture and elasticity, and fade discoloration and sun damage, including age spots.
- Retin is a vitamin A derivative that is available as a cream or gel. It’s only available with a prescription, so you’ll need to see your doctor before you start using it.
- It helps eliminate age spots by exfoliating the skin, removing the outer hyperpigmented layer and revealing fresh, new skin underneath.
Glycolic acid is a type of alpha hydroxy acid commonly used in chemical peels. It works by exfoliating the skin, reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots.
- When OTC is sold, glycolic acid is in the form of a cream or lotion that is usually applied and left on the skin for a few minutes before being washed off.
- Glycolic acid can be quite harsh on the skin, sometimes causing redness and discomfort. You should always moisturize your skin after using glycolic acid products.
A combination of these 2 ingredients has been shown to help lighten blemishes. Check with your dermatologist to see what they recommend, or check product labels to find one.
- You may be able to find a skin cream or lotion that contains both of these ingredients.
Sunscreen won’t actually help reduce the appearance of your existing age spots, but it will prevent new ones from forming (because they’re caused primarily by sun damage).
- In addition, sunscreen will prevent your existing sun spots from becoming darker or more visible.
- You should wear sunscreen with a zinc oxide base and an SPF of at least 15 every day, even when it’s not hot or sunny.
How to get rid of age spots on the face at home?
- Lemon juice makes your skin more sensitive to sunlight (and can make age spots worse), so never…