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Facial cleansing at a beautician: all stages with a description

How is a beautician doing facial cleansing?

It’s no secret that the skin is daily exposed to various factors that contribute to its pollution. In addition to the natural processes produced by the body, the influence of the environment is of considerable importance. Dust and dirt mix with oil, thereby clogging pores. As a result, acne, blackheads and other skin problems appear.

The essence of facial cleansing at the beautician

The essence of facial cleansing at the beautician

Facial cleansing is the first step towards healthy and beautiful skin. There are channels in the epidermis, the main function of which is to moisturize the skin and produce sebaceous fat. The channels themselves have an outlet – pores. At home, it is not possible to carry out a deep enough cleansing, so once every few months it is worth doing a professional facial cleansing by a beautician.

Cleansing is a complex of various procedures for cleansing the skin using manual or hardware techniques.

Carried out in the salon procedure allows:

  • Clear pores, removing rashes and irritation;
  • Rid the epidermis of toxins and toxins;
  • Exfoliate the dead layer;
  • Improve blood circulation;
  • Normalize respiratory, thermoregulatory and protective functions;
  • Restore the usual metabolism;
  • Return firmness, elasticity and smoothness;
  • Refresh the complexion.

After professional cleaning, the epidermis is saturated with oxygen, there are sensations of cleanliness and freshness, which makes women return to the salon again for procedures.

There is an opinion that it is contraindicated for young people under 25 to visit cosmetic centers, since the procedures carried out will only harm the epidermis. However, this is a fundamentally erroneous opinion. It is possible and even necessary to visit a beautician from adolescence.

The specialist will correctly determine the type of skin, advise which procedure is most suitable and how often it is worth visiting the salon, based on each individual case. He will also prescribe skin care products that are preferable to use for your skin.

Indications and contraindications

Examination of the face before cleansing

It is worth visiting a beautician in a beauty salon if you have the following testimony:

  • comedones;
  • Acne and acne;
  • Increased or decreased greasiness;
  • Enlarged pores;
  • Deterioration of turgor of the skin;
  • Reduced tone;
  • Uneven complexion;
  • Withering epidermis.

Despite the visible effect after cosmetic procedures, professional cleaning has a number of contraindications:

  • Skin disease with pus;
  • Bronchial asthma;
  • Diabetes;
  • Eczema;
  • Severe stage of hypertension;
  • Herpes;
  • Dermatitis;
  • Epilepsy and severe forms of mental illness.

Pregnant women are also prohibited from doing facial cleansing, excluding mechanical and ABR cleansing.

The beautician is an expert in his field. However, before visiting the cosmetic center, it is recommended to visit a dermatologist who will identify problems and their causes, and then, if necessary, refer you to a beautician.

Preparation for the procedure

Applying a warming cream to the face

Before the session, the specialist necessarily prepares the skin for the upcoming procedure. Thus, the effect comes much faster.

Pores need to be opened. To do this, a professional, as a rule, uses a steam bath or warming creams. Paraffin masks and thermal compresses are also used as another option for preparing the face for the chosen procedure.

However, ultrasonic cleaning does not require the opening of pores, therefore, the epidermis is not prepared for the procedure, but immediately goes directly to the session.

Types of facial cleansing at the beautician

Apparatus for various cleaning

Based on the type of epidermis and its condition, the cosmetologist prescribes a certain type of cleaning. Each method can only be carried out in a specially equipped beauty salon.

Facial cleansing is carried out in the following ways:

  • mechanical;
  • Chemical;
  • vacuum;
  • laser;
  • ultrasonic;
  • Galvanized.

The methods differ from each other not only in the method used, but also in the pain threshold and cost.


Carrying out mechanical cleaning

Mechanical facial cleansing is the most popular and demanded method. The procedure has two more names: manual and manual. The principle of this method is that the beautician manually cleanses the skin of dirt. From the outside, it may seem that this is an ordinary squeezing of acne, which everyone can handle on their own at home. However, it is not.

Mechanical facial cleansing has a number of technical nuances:

  • Cleaning is carried out from the side, so the master can better see the flaws;
  • The client’s face is under a bright light and a magnifying glass;
  • The beautician first applies a special mask to the face, compresses or uses steam to expand the pores;
  • After opening the pores, the skin is treated with an antiseptic, the doctor himself is wearing disinfected gloves;
  • Upon completion of the procedure, the specialist again disinfects the epidermis and applies a cream with a soothing, anti-inflammatory and pore-constricting effect.

Sometimes, in order to quickly achieve results and prevent inflammatory processes, physiotherapy procedures such as darsonval are used.

This method of facial cleansing is called mechanical, because in some cases the beautician uses a small cosmetic spoon to remove pus if it sits deep in the pores.

Do not be alarmed if redness and peeling appear after the procedure, this is a natural reaction that will pass in a couple of days. Also at this time it is better not to use decorative cosmetics, you should protect the skin from sunlight and forget about such strong cleansers as scrub.

Such a painstaking procedure is ideal for problematic and oily epidermis. In some difficult cases, it is the only way out. The procedure itself, although painful, is harmless and effective by the hands of a specialist. Mechanical cleaning is prescribed for adolescents from 16 years old and pregnant women.


Application of acids

Dry cleaning is a worthy alternative to the manual method. It is less painful and more effective. This procedure can not only remove acne and comedones, but also rid the face of scars and even out the skin texture.
A profound effect on the epidermis occurs due to the applied acids:
  • fruity;
  • Retinol;
  • Salicylic.

Chemical peeling is a kind of peeling that causes a slight burn. The face is covered with a thin brown crust, which will pass after four days. However, this is necessary because in this way there is a disposal of keratinized cells of the epidermis and alignment of the relief.

After the chemical method of cleaning the face, try to go outside as little as possible. Be sure to apply a cream with an SPF of at least 30 and whitening serums.

You need to prepare for this cleaning for a month, daily using cosmetic care products with fruit…

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