It is important to know your skin type if you want healthy and flawless skin. Knowing your skin type allows you to choose the right products and set up a skin care regimen that works best for you. The main skin types to consider include: dry, oily, combination, normal, acne-prone and sensitive. You might be wondering how to distinguish between all these skin types! But don’t worry. There are easy ways to determine your skin type.
How to determine the type of facial skin
Step 1 Remove any makeup.
Use a makeup remover to remove all traces of makeup from your face. It will also help with removing dirt and oil from your face.
Step 2: Wash your face
Wet your face with warm water, then pour a small amount of a mild facial cleanser into your palm. Gently massage your face with your fingertips, making sure you cover all areas with facial soap and water. Rinse your face thoroughly with cool or warm water, then pat it dry with a clean towel or washcloth.
- Avoid overwashing your face, as this can dry out your skin, cause irritation, or even lead to an increase in sebum production.
Step 3. Wait an hour
Do not apply any products—including moisturizer or acne treatments—for one hour. Avoid touching your face.
Step 4. Wipe your face with a tissue.
Wait an hour after washing your face and then blot the T-zone with a tissue. Look at the fabric to determine if there is oil on it. If so, then you either have oily or combination skin.
- Your T-zone includes your forehead and nose. This area is called the T-zone because the bridge of the nose forms the base of the “T”. The part of your forehead above your eyebrows forms the top of the “T”.
Step 5 Notice how your skin feels.
If you have dry skin, your face will feel lifted after cleansing, while oily skin will feel cleaner immediately after washing. Your T-zone will feel clean if you have combination skin, but your cheeks will feel tight. Sensitive skin will react to certain cleansers and may cause itchy skin or a rash.
- If you have sensitive skin, your face will get red, itchy, or a rash could form after using some facial products.
- Oily skin will begin to feel oily again as your day goes on.
- If you notice that your skin does not fit into any of these categories and you have no problem areas, you have normal skin.
- You can get pimples or acne at any age, especially if you have an oily skin type.
Step 6. Look in the mirror
If you notice red, flaky patches all over your face, you most likely have dry and/or sensitive skin. If your face is shiny all over, you have oily skin. The combination of both means you have combination skin.
Step 7. Look at your pore size
If you have normal skin then your pores will be visible but not much. Take a few steps back from the mirror. If you still see your pores, you have oily skin. If your pores are not visible at all, you have dry skin.
- Combination skin occurs when you have more than one pore size on your face, resulting in a combination of dry, oily, and normal skin.
Step 8: Pinch Your Skin
If your skin wrinkles easily after applying pressure, you have dry or combination skin. Oily skin will feel smooth.
Step 9: Ask Your Dermatologist
If you are still unable to determine what type of skin you have, your dermatologist can provide you with answers to your skin questions. There are some over the counter medications they can prescribe and procedures they can perform to treat your dry, oily, sensitive, combination, or acne-prone skin if all else fails.
Facial skin types and their characteristics
Oily skin type
Oily skin is one of the easiest skin types to identify.
People who have very oily skin, even if they don’t use any kind of moisturizer, will feel obvious oiliness within an hour or two, especially on the forehead, down the center of the nose, chin. Learn how to take care of oily skin.
Another indicator could be that “your makeup isn’t holding up as well as you’d like and you’re using blotting papers regularly.
Use salicylic acid for oily skin. It could be in your cleanser, facial wipes, or toner.
Salicylic acid can penetrate into pores because it is oil soluble. This way you can get rid of excess sebum.
Another ingredient that can help oily skin is benzoyl peroxide, but this should be used with caution if you have any other sensitivities on your face.
Dry skin type
Dryness and dehydration are not exactly the same thing. Dry skin is the result of a lack of oil in the skin while dehydrated skin is the result of a lack of water in the skin. (Lack of water is usually a common side effect of moving an airplane.) Learn how to take care of dry skin.
What products to use for dry skin
Use products with sodium hyaluronate or hyaluronic acid, both of which are humectants that “bind moisture to the skin without adding oil.”
For dry skin, it is recommended to use detergent-free soap substitutes and choose moisturizers with ceramides.
Acne-prone and problem skin
Despite the popular belief that acne is mainly a problem of teenagers, it can affect people of all ages. Acne-prone skin “tends to be easily congested due to the thicker oil that can get trapped below the follicle and cannot come to the surface.
Acne-prone skin is usually marked by regular breakouts and clogged pores. Learn how to take care of problem skin.
If you only have a rare pimple, then I don’t think you should consider yourself prone to pimples. But if you get clogged pores and pimples regularly, then I think it’s fair to say that you’re acne prone.
What means to use foracne prone and problem skin
As with oily skin, salicylic acid can be used to treat acne prone skin as it is porous and oil soluble.
Sensitive skin type
Sensitive skin is usually characterized by how it reacts to both topical products and factors such as the sun’s UV rays.
Usually, if you have a really sensitive skin type, you may be more prone to a skin condition that…