Facial blemishes are a common condition in which areas of your skin become darker than the areas around them. These facial blemishes are usually harmless, but there are many medical treatments and home remedies available if you want to remove them for aesthetic reasons.
Causes of spots on the face
Causes of age spots on the face
Learn about the different types of dark spots.
Since dark spots can be caused by a number of different factors, learning about the different types will give you a head start when it comes to figuring out how to get rid of them. Here are three different types of hyperpigmentation:
- Lentils . These are dark spots caused by exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. 90 percent of people over 60 have them, but many much younger men and women also have sun-related dark spots. The spots appear scattered in no specific pattern.
- melasma . This type of dark spots is caused by hormonal fluctuations. Women may see darker spots appear on their cheeks during pregnancy or menopause. It is also a side effect of birth control pills and hormone therapy. Melasma can also result from a dysfunction of the thyroid gland.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) . These are dark spots that result from trauma to the skin, which can be caused by psoriasis, burns, acne, and some skin care treatments that are hard on the skin.
Find out what causes stains
Once you understand what you are dealing with, you can choose a course of treatment and start making lifestyle changes to prevent new dark spots from appearing.
Ask yourself these questions to determine what is behind your dark spots:
- Do you often use a solarium or sunbathe in the sun? If you tend to get high sun exposure and you don’t wear a lot of sunscreen, you may have spots. Topical treatments and avoiding sun exposure are the best way to get rid of this type of hyperpigmentation.
- Do you have a current medical condition for which you are on medication? Are you pregnant, on birth control, or taking hormone therapy? Perhaps you have melanoma. It can be difficult to treat, but there are certain methods that can make a difference.
- Have you had severe acne, plastic surgery, or other long-term skin conditions?
Causes of red spots on the face
Red spots on the skin is a common medical complaint. When spots occur they are sometimes referred to as rashes.
Rashes can occur due to skin infections, disseminated infections (that have spread throughout the body), allergic reactions, or skin irritations. When a red bump or rash is flat, it is medically known as a macula. When the red spot rises, it is known as a papule. Erythema is the medical term for reddening of the skin.
Red patches on the skin that occur alone may be a small, benign tumor of the blood vessels known as a hemangioma. Tiny, pinpoint hemorrhages can be seen in the skin and are called petechiae. Bleeding disorders can also lead to purplish-red patches, which are larger, known as purpura.
The rash may be associated with other symptoms such as hives or itching. Red patches on the skin that are associated with underlying medical conditions will be associated with symptoms of the underlying condition.
Other causes of red spots on the skin
- bacterial infection
- bleeding disorder
- fungal infection
- The use of drugs
- toxic epidermal necrolysis
- viral infection
Causes of acne marks on the face
Whenever you get a pimple, you probably want it to heal quickly. But sometimes pimples leave a dark spot on the skin even after the pimple has gone. This is frustrating, but not uncommon.
Getting rid of these dark spots on your skin starts with understanding what is causing them in the first place.
When a pimple appears on your skin, it is technically a form of inflammation. And as your skin heals and new skin cells form, it’s possible that the cells sent to help resurface your skin contain too much melanin.
Melanin is what gives your skin its color, and when some cells have more melanin than others, the result is a darker patch of skin. This is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Anything that makes your skin inflammation last longer, like if you bleed a spot, can increase your chances of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
People who have naturally darker skin tones are more prone to this condition.
How to remove age spots on the face?
Start with manual peeling
If you’ve only had dark spots for a month or two, they may be in the top few layers of your skin. You can get rid of them by simply exfoliating your face. Exfoliation is the process of removing the top layer of skin, bringing new skin to the surface.
- Find an exfoliating cleanser that contains tiny particles to help lift off the top layer. You can also make your own by mixing ground raw almonds or ground oatmeal into your regular cleanser. Apply it on dark spots in a circular motion.
- Electric exfoliators like the Clarisonic go a little deeper than your standard exfoliating cleanser. They work by gently scraping dead skin cells from your face. You can find them online or in pharmacies.
- Try using a product with glycolic or salicylic acid
Try topical acid treatment
They are available both by prescription and over-the-counter. They contain alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, or retinoids. The application of these various acids removes the top layer of dead skin cells, allowing fresh cells to grow so that the skin is rejuvenated. These treatments are used to treat hyperpigmentation of all types.
- Alpha hydroxy acids include glycolic acid, mandelic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, and others. These acids are often obtained from food and other foods. They effectively exfoliate the skin, but are gentle enough for people with sensitive skin. Alpha hydroxy acids can be found in serums, creams, moisturizers, and peels.
- The beta hydroxy acid is also known as salicylic acid. It is a common ingredient in over-the-counter acne medications. Salicylic acid can be applied in a cream, serum, cleanser or peel.
- Retinoic acid is also known as tretinoin, or Retin-A. Retinoic acid is…